Many of us worry about “loss of mind” that often occurs in advanced age.
You have probably noticed that it’s really difficult for older adults to concentrate, react quickly, remember things and numbers.
Sometimes this impairment progresses with time, causing dementia. This medical term describes decline in mental performance that interferes with daily activities.
There are several types of dementia, the most common of which is Alzheimer’s disease.
Everybody may get this disorder. However a person in 80s is much more likely to suffer from dementia than 30-year-old healthy adult.
It doesn’t mean that all seniors live with dementia.
In fact, there is a wide variety of factors, which can dramatically increase your risks of cognitive dysfunction. Some of them (like genetics) can’t be modified, while others are completely controllable.
It’s worth understanding that even improving modifiable risk factors cannot 100% protect your mental health from deterioration. But it can significantly decrease your chances of getting this trouble.
So what can influence on your brain and raise risks of dementia in reality? Here are the most important factors:
#1. What you eat – taking saturated fats can clog arteries all over your body, including the brain. When brain cells don’t attain enough oxygenated blood, they lose ability to function properly.
#2. Drinking too much alcohol – those, who misuse alcohol, have extremely high risks of Korsakoff’s dementia and vascular problems.
#3. Being inactive – physical inactivity is one of the most strongest factors for getting dementia, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and stroke.
#4. Traumas – specialists say that head injuries can cause formation of protein clumps inside the brain that eventually leads to cognitive decline.
#5. Elevated blood sugar levels – studies show that high blood glucose level is associated with 18% higher risks of developing Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia.
#6. Depression – history of clinical depression in the mid-life was found as a risk factor for cognitive problems in more advanced age. At the same, having depression after the age of 60 may be the early sign of dementia.
#7. Not managing hypertension – high blood pressure is a well-known risk factor not only for heart issues, but also for dementia.
#8. Smoking – taking tobacco may boost your risks of atherosclerosis and vascular problems that plays a great role in development of dementia.
#9. Social isolation – according to investigations, loneliness can lead to accumulation of abnormal protein amyloid in the brain tissue. This substance is often found in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. So, it’s vital to stay socially active, particularly at advanced age.